What are the risk factors for Stroke?
There are two types of risk factors for Stroke: modifiable and non-modifiable. The former are quite known to the population, because they are the same as for heart disease and heart attack:
Modifiable Risk Factors
High Blood Preasure – It is the most common risk factor; It is present in nearly 80% of patients who suffer a stroke in Puerto Rico
Diabetes – The diabetes management is essential. In Puerto Rico, 22% of patients who suffer a stroke are diabetic.
Alcoholism – Excessive alcohol consumption is closely linked with the risk of cerebral hemorrhage.
Smoking – The risk of a stroke increases between 50% and 70% in smokers and the impact is greater in women.
High Cholesterol – High Cholesterol increases the risk of clogged arteries, including to the brain.
Other risk factors that can be controlled include:
Sedentary – Lack of physical activity can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Drugs – Cocaine and other drugs are associated with a higher incidence of strokes.
Obesity – Obesity is a major risk factor for power and presence of other factors.
Risk Factors Non-modifiable
Additionally, there are non modifiable risk factors.
It is important to recognize to identify individuals with an increased risk of Stroke:
Age – The risk of a stroke is doubled after age of 55 years.
Gender – Men have higher risk than women.
Heritage – People with a family history of coronary or cerebrovascular diseases are a higher risk group.
Personal Antecedents – Who suffered a stroke they are at increased risk of having another.